1 June 2014 A tribute to all who died & suffered as a consequence of World War 1.
This is the sixth of a series of articles featuring Carlton China models relating to the war.
Part Six - Submarines Before we show you the Carlton China models of submarines, below are two propaganda posters from the War.
Aside from sinking warships, submarines were used to blockade ports by the Allies and the Germans, preventing supplies of food and ammunitions. Starving your opponent into surrender is a long established tactic in warfare.
Left - German poster from 1917 for the propaganda film U Boote Heraus, (The U Boats are Out). Right - USA Food Administration poster appealing to the public to eat less wheat, so more could be exported c.1918.
Carlton China model of E class submarine part submerged. Found backstamped Model of British Submarine.
Model of British Submarine Three different models of submarines were made in Carlton China. All were printed with the letters E9, though only the one shown on the right correctly so because it was the only one based on the E Class submarine, the backbone of the British underwater fleet during WW1.
This particular model represents the submarine partly submerged. The base is sometimes found backstamped Model of British Submarine.
The pictures below show HMS E1 on the surface and also the interior of this class of underwater vessel. E1, the first to be built, was launched in 1912. None survive.
Left - E class submarine c1914. Right - Interior of an E class submarine.
In Part 5 we showed you a Carlton China model of HMHS Anglia, a hospital ship that had been sunk by a mine from a German mine laying Unterseeboot or U Boat. Such a boat, UC-5, was captured in April 1916 after she ran aground. For propaganda purposes, the vessel was then displayed at Temple Pier on the Thames in London and later in New York.
Below is an Admiralty drawing of a cross section of the captured submarine published in July 1916. The reason for showing it follows.
Admiralty drawing of a cross section of the captured German mine laying submarine UC-5.
Carlton China model of a German mine laying submarine.
Model of German U-Boat Clearly the Carlton China model shown on the right must have been based on the German mine laying submarine UC-5 as captured and shown above even though it is printed with E.9.
This model is sometimes found with the inscription Great War 1914-1918. 150 German U Boats surrendered Nov. 20th. 1918.
Most were broken up by 1922. Only models such as this survive.
Below is a picture of the captured UC-5 at Sheerness Docks in 1915 and a WW1 American recruitment poster.
Left - WW1 American recruitment poster. Right - The captured German UC-5 at Sheerness Docks in 1916.
C Class Submarine
Carlton China model of a British WW1 C Class coastal submarine.
The third Carlton China model, shown on the right, is probably based on the British C Class submarine and not an E9 as marked. Sometimes this model is found inscribed
"Commander Noel Lawrence" Large German Transport sunk July 30th 1915. German Cruiser Moltke torpedoed Aug 19th 1915.
These events were widely reported in the British press though were carried out by the submarine E1.
These small, earlier coastal vessels were unsuitable for long distance patrols carried out by later classes.
Below is a picture of C class submarines at Grimsby.
Postcard of British C Class submarines in Alexandra Dock, Grimsby. In total, 38 were built between 1905 and 1910.
To recap, the three Carlton China submarines are shown together below.
The three Carlton China models of WW1 submarines shown roughly to scale.